Hepatitis c

Hepatitis C (hep C) is a virus that affects the liver. Someone can live with hepatitis C for a long time (20-30 years) before they start to develop any symptoms, feel sick, or see any sign of liver damage. Without testing, treatment or follow-up from a provider, the liver can become scarred and cause people to become ill. Hepatitis C can be very common in certain parts of the world, such as Central, East and South Asia, Australasia and Oceania, Eastern Europe, sub Saharan Africa, North Africa and the Middle East.

Chlamydia is transmitted during unprotected vaginal, anal and/or oral sex with an infected partner. You can transmit chlamydia without even knowing you are infected.

Most people do not experience any symptoms of chlamydia. If symptoms do occur, they usually appear two to six weeks after exposure.

  • A change or increase in discharge from the vagina
  • Burning with urination
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Pain and/or bleeding during intercourse
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Rectal pain and/or discharge
  • Watery and/or milky discharge from the penis
  • Burning and/or itching around the tip and/or inside of the penis
  • Pain and/or swelling in the testes
  • A swab may be taken from the cervix, urethra, throat and/or rectum.
  • A urine test may also be done.
  • Testing is the only way you will know if you have chlamydia.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) – an infection in the fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries
  • Infertility (unable to get pregnant)
  • Ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy) Babies born to people who are infected with chlamydia could have severe eye infections or infant pneumonia
  • Infection of the testes


Any infection in the genital area may increase the risk of becoming infected with HIV.

Practicing safer sex, by using latex or polyurethane condoms and/or oral dams for oral, anal or vaginal sex can reduce the risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections and blood borne infections (STBBIs).

Call the Aids and Sexual Health Infoline at 1-800-6682437 if you have questions or need help.

For more information:


Sexual Health Centre

179 Clarence Street

Ottawa K1N 5P7

613-234-4641 TTY: 613-580-9656


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